The overactive bladder has various symptoms.

  • Involuntary loss of urine.
  • Continuous leakage when the bladder is full.
  • Making 8 or more trips to the bathroom in a 24hour period.
  • Inability to stop leakage long enough to reach a toilet (urgency incontinence).
  • Leaking or wetting accidents (urinary incontinence).



  • Enlargement of the prostate also known as benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH).
  • Aging of the bladder.
  • Combination of factors or in some patients often unknown.
  • Urinary Tract infections such as cystitis, prostate infections and certain medications may cause temporary OAB.
  • Diseases like Parkinson’s disease, stroke and diabetes could cause OAB.
  • DESD: Detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia may result in incontinence. It is mostly seen with patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.


Diagnosing OAB